Rainbow Geode Natural Stones
Geodes are spherical to subspherical rock structures with an internal cavity lined with mineral materials. They have a durable outer wall that is more resistant to weathering than the surrounding bedrock. This allows the geode to survive intact when the surrounding bedrock weathers away. The mineral lining the cavity is often a scintillating druse of tiny quartz crystals underlain by multiple bands of translucent gray and white agate. Many are lined with more spectacular treasures. One of the best-known occurrences of geodes in the world is an area surrounding the community of Keokuk, Iowa. It is located near the three-state intersection of Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, with geodes of this locality being found in all three states. The geodes formed in the limestones and dolomites of the Mississippian-age Warsaw Formation. Most of these geodes are a few centimeters across and have outer layers of white to gray to blue-gray chalcedony with interiors lined by tiny quartz crystals. Most of the geodes found here have weathered free of their carbonate host rock and are now in the local soils and stream sediments. A few of these geodes contain interesting crystals of ankerite, aragonite, calcite, dolomite, goethite, gypsum, kaolinite, marcasite, millerite, pyrite, sphalerite and other minerals.